Is it best to eat lots of small meals to keep up my metabolism?
Often I hear people saying they need to eat little and often to keep up their blood sugar balance, and if they don’t eat they feel terrible. This used to be me – I was well known for being ‘hangry’ if I didn’t eat or if dinner was late I was not happy!
Blood sugars can be better balanced by introducing more protein, and reducing carbohydrates which quickly burn rather than sustaining us for longer. Concentrate on a piece of protein the size of your palm, carbs the size of your fist and most of the plate vegetables for sustaining portions of food.
Snacking for weight loss?
You might have heard it’s better for weight loss to eat regularly. Eating lots of smaller meals will NOT burn more calories throughout the day. Frequent meals may even increase the amount of unhealthy belly and liver fat. Fat around the middle is more associated with cardiovascular disease than any other kind of fat.
There is also more and more research now about intermittent fasting, and how giving ourselves a break from eating throughout the day can be beneficial for our health. One recent study has shown snacking between meals contributed to a fatty liver (hepatic steatosis) and weight gain. Researchers showed that when people snacked in between meals compared to just increasing the amount of overall calories at mealtimes, the was a worse outcome for their liver.
If you’re hungry between meals try increasing the amount of protein and fibre you eat at each meal. This will keep you fuller for longer.
Nutrient dense snacks
If you need to eat between meals (some people get headaches, feel wobbly, or just really hungry!) then choose something that will give you a nutrient boost rather than crisps or chocolate. One small human study showed women with Type 2 Diabetes who were given high protein snacks actually lost weight over 4 weeks. Choose a snack with protein, some fats, and fibre like:
- Boiled egg
- Piece of chicken
- Sardines on wholegrain toast
- Nut butter on oat cakes
- Apple and handful of seeds
- Full fat yoghurt with stewed fruit
Snacks increase overall calorie intake
It makes sense that if we eat more frequently, we’re more likely to eat more calories overall through the day. In one study when people ate between meals, they rarely compensated at the next meal by eating less, which led consistently to an increased energy balance compared with those in the study who didn’t snack.
How can I change my diet?
If you need some support with your diet get in touch to see how a nutritional therapy session could help you identify which foods work for you and which foods to avoid. Book your initial free 15 min consultation.